Finishing plinths using natural stone is an ideal opportunity to give the building a more attractive and respectable look.
Without exception, all natural materials are characterized by a fairly large weight, high cost and complex installation. That is why facing the basement with natural stone requires special training from the performer.
The basement should ideally be trimmed with a dense and frost-resistant natural stone. Preference in this case should be given to the materials of dark tones. As you know, the most vulnerable to external influences are the lower parts of buildings. These include contact with moisture and sudden changes in temperature.
High-quality exterior plinths must withstand any external loads for dozens, and ideally hundreds of years. To achieve this, it is best to use stones of natural igneous origin, for example, granite, labradorite and other rocks related to them by their basic parameters. Also quite popular are sandstone and quartzite of dark tones.
As for marble, it is extremely not recommended to use as a facing socles, as it quickly loses its original appearance.
Most natural stone breeds have light shades, which makes mud and rain stains visible on their surface.
In the process of finishing the basement with natural stone, due attention should be paid to sealing the joints, which are usually formed during the construction of masonry. If moisture constantly penetrates into the seams, this will negatively affect the strength characteristics of the structure. The texture, size and thickness of stone slabs can vary greatly, because it all depends on the designer's ideas and the preferences of the owner of the house.
The only requirement is the thickness of the plates used for lining the plinths. Slabs with the presence of texture, characteristic of the "wild stone", as well as products processed with boucharda and having a sawn surface are much more thick and weigh than ordinary polished material. That is why their laying should be carried out exclusively using the solution. At the same time, the seams should be carefully filled with a special sealant.
Natural stone, used for plinth finishing, must be chosen based on the designer's ideas.
There are also a number of general requirements for natural stone. Plates of this natural material with an area of 0.4 square meters and a thickness of 1 centimeter are placed on a layer of special glue without any additional fastenings. As for more dimensional products, in addition to the above composition, they also require additional fasteners.
There are far fewer requirements for natural stone used for facade cladding than for similar materials for a basement finish. The walls can even be finished with limestone, dolomite and many other rocks with a relatively unstable internal structure, since such structures are less susceptible to external influences than the socles.