Texture and color of marble determined primarily by presence of various mineral additives. For example, marble become black because graphite and bituminous impurities, and red — iron oxide. Presence of certain impurities can both improve and worsen decorative properties of material.
The pattern of marble is determined by direction of cutting and features of internal structure. That is why material acquires an attractive shade and pattern after polishing.
Features and applications
There are many scope of marble. Ideal material for manufacture of monuments and facing various kinds of objects. Indispensable in creation of round sculptures, reliefs and mosaic compositions, manufacture of countertops and flowerpots, facing fountains and fireplaces, the construction of stair structures and arrangement of floors.
The greatest demand today observed for Italian marble mined in Carrara, and yellow Greek marble. Large-scale deposits of this material also available in Russia (Krasnoyarsk Area, Altai Area, Ural, far East and Karelia), the USA, South and North Africa, Georgia, Armenia, Uzbekistan and other countries.