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History. Description.
все о мраморе
People were using marble in ancient times. Never before has mankind known material that embodies such wonderful qualities as natural beauty, ease of processing, strength and durability. Today marble is mined in many countries, including Greece, Italy, Spain, India, Turkey, France, Belgium, great Britain, Ireland, USA, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa and many others.
как выбрать мрамор
Marble is beautiful and durable stone, perfectly adapted to hold huge weight. In ancient times, marble took participation in building monolithic columns supporting statues and facades of buildings, as well as for construction of palaces and temples. For example, monuments of architecture, famous St. Petersburg. You can admire elegant interior of the Basilica of St. Paul in Rome, and the walls of the Palace of Versailles. First building, built entirely of marble, is famous Treasury of Athens of the 6th century BC. Famous temple of Parthenon, built in the same period, became the main attraction of Athens, one the wonders of the world. Although the word "marble" comes from the Greek word Marmaros, which means" flawless white shiny stone", you can find whole palette of colors, noble natural stone. Modern technologies of natural stone processing allow widely use beauty and elegance of marble in interior decoration. Marble in St. Petersburg can also be found in interior decoration of the Royal palaces.

Marble belongs to metamorphic rocks formed as a result by recrystallization of carbonates (carbonaceous compounds) more than 2.5-4 billion years ago under influence of high temperatures and pressure. In process of recrystallization in metamorphic marbles, as a rule, all traces of original clastic grains or fossilized organic destroyed residues. The composition of marble doesn't change with metamorphism. Initial carbonate rocks for formation marble, as a rule, in most cases are limestone or dolomite. Accordingly, marble consists of calcite (calcium carbonate), or dolomite (calcium and magnesium carbonate), or both minerals.

Marble can be white or colored: pink, yellow, gray, blue, greenish, reddish, black, brown, as well as various combinations of these colors are inherent in marble. Often, workers find different shade of color in one deposit. Various shades of marble arise due to content of more or less oxides various metals and graphite. Colored marble is characterized by presence of veins, which cracks filled with natural cements. These veins can form an original pattern. The most valuable type of marble is pure, white statuary marble, for making sculptures.
Marble rock-solid, wear-resistant, blackout, decorative, easily processed and easily polished.
The volume mass of marble varies from 2.3 to 2.6 t / m3, porosity of marble from 0.6 to 3.3%, compressive strength of marble from 30 to 153 MPa, hardness of this natural stone on the Mohs scale from 3 to 4, water absorption of marble is in range from 0.02% (Levadia) to 3.3% (Travertino).

Marble almost always contains impurities of other minerals (quartz, chalcedony, hematite, pyrite, limonite, chlorite , etc.), as well as organic compounds. Admixtures differently affect quality of marble, reducing or increasing the decorative effect of this natural stone. But sometimes nature presents real surprise. For example, sections of some types of Italian marble (Nero Fossil), you can clearly see fingerprints of ancient molluscs. Such stones can be beloved forever. Most colored marbles have motley color. The pattern is determined not only by structure of marble, but also by direction in which the natural stone is cut. The color and pattern of the marble appear after polishing.

Over time, the word marble has expanded to include semi-dense and dense polished limestones used as marbles. From the point of view, market, the expressive content of the word further expanded to understanding under the marble of all stone-like materials, amenable to sawing on plates and mirror polishing.
Area application of marble is impressive. Nobility of textures, variety of colors make this material attractive for manufacture of large number cladding elements exclusive interiors. As facing material marble is very popular. Enumerate the main advantages of marble: countertops for bathrooms and rack for bars (made of granite produced significantly often than marble), columns, sculptures, vases and figurines, veneer floors, marble stairs, skirting boards, railings, balusters and handrails, cladding decorative elements of marble for fireplaces, fountains, marble pillars, balls, decoration of parks and gardens, benches, marble, decorative and artistic mosaic and rosonys, floor and wall panno and much more.

In our website you can see samples of this magnificent natural stone on the page "catalog of marble". Despite the fact that stone processing company "ART PRIMA MATERIA" tried to present all popular color preferences of buyers on the market, colors presented here represent only small part of variety manifestations of natural stone.

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